The best description I can think of for the Merry Widow cocktail is that it’s a fancy, vermouth-heavy martini with a touch of herbs and spice.

The Merry Widow’s styling is definitely pre-Prohibition—long on vermouth, and with dashes of absinthe and liqueur. It seems to have been around at least since Hugo Ensslin published it in his 1916 Recipes for Mixed Drinks. It seems likely that the drink’s name is a response to the very successful operetta of the same name, which appeared in 1905, and continued to be popular for many years.

The Merry Widow Cocktail, photo © 2015 Douglas M. Ford. All rights reserved.
The Merry Widow Cocktail

Here’s the way it’s made:

The Merry Widow Cocktail
Hugo Ensslin, 1916

  • ½ dry gin (1½ oz Tanqueray)
  • ½ French vermouth (1½ oz Dolin Dry Vermouth)
  • 2 dashes (⅛ tsp) Bénédictine
  • 1 dash Peychaud’s bitters
  • 2 dashes (⅛ tsp) absinthe

Stir well in a mixing glass with cracked ice, strain and serve with a twist of lemon peel on top.


The Merry Widow is designed for classic London Dry gins. Tanqueray suits my taste, but Beefeater or Bombay would work well, too.

Dolin’s Dry Vermouth is also a good choice. M&R Extra Dry works well, with a bit more assertive “vermouthiness.”

As for Bénédictine, I recommend you use a very light hand; Bénédictine can overrun this drink easily. It’s quite sweet, and strongly herbal, and can unbalance the Merry Widow in an instant. (There is a cocktail called the Joan Blondell which uses very nearly the same formula as the Merry Widow, but with a much larger portion of liqueur—it calls for equal parts of gin, vermouth and Bénédictine. I consider it undrinkable.)

The curious absinthe: The Merry Widow would have been one of the “last hurrahs” for absinthe. In fact, absinthe was outlawed in the United States in 1912, four years before Ensslin published the formula. I would guess that by then he had exhausted his supply of the real stuff. If he were still making Merry Widows, it may well have been with Pernod, or some other anise or fennel substitute. (If you don’t have absinthe available, Pernod or Herbsaint would work just fine.)

St. George Absinthe Vert label (detail), photo © 2015 Douglas M. Ford. All rights reserved.Some absinthes are lighter than others, but the two dashes called for in the original formula makes a fine starting point. The absinthe gives the drink a bit of a nose, melds well with the herbality of the Bénédictine, and as any Sazerac drinker will tell you, is a natural with the spices of Peychaud’s bitters. You want to use just enough that it makes its presence known.

A well-made Merry Widow will give you an initial scent of expressed citrus oils and a faint, earthy herbality. The first taste is the cold gin and vermouth, a little sweetness, then an increasing presence of herbs from all directions. The swallow is recognizably Bénédictine, and finally there is the long anise and wormwood note of the absinthe.

I can’t decide which is the more interesting diversion from the standard Martini—the herbal earthiness, or that long-tailed aftertaste. The Martini is crisp and clean, simple and unambiguous. A quick, cold, crystal clear hit. The Merry Widow starts in the same place—cold gin and vermouth—but tags on a complicated, long-lasting, earthy herbality. It’s more complex, and more difficult.

We’ve noted some other Ensslin cocktails in the past, notably the Aviation, the Deshler, and the Affinity. To the list, I’m happy to add the Merry Widow. Here’s to Hugo Ensslin, his insight, and his imagination.