I wouldn’t normally write about the Blood and Sand Cocktail.

I don’t like it. I’ve never met anyone who likes it. The flavors make no sense to me. Four ingredients, all fighting with each other.

Harry Craddock must have seen something in it when he first published its peculiar formula in his 1930 Savoy Cocktail Book. And drinkers with palates different from mine must like it, as evidenced by its continued presence in highly respected bar manuals more than eighty years after its creation.

(And, of course, there’s the theatrical value of that lurid name, riding the coattails of Rudolph Valentino’s 1922 movie. I’ll admit, that’s really good.)

But from my palate’s point of view, the Blood and Sand is really broken. So what makes this cocktail worth writing about?

Clearly, for many of us, this one is a matter of taste. It’s worth trying once, and if you like it, then that’s a big win.

For me, the Blood and Sand’s real value isn’t as a cocktail, but as a model. The original formula makes a great jumping-off point for experimentation; there’s always something to be learned. And maybe some really good drinks along the way.

That’s worth writing about.

The Original Blood and Sand Cocktail

It’s not clear if Harry Craddock invented this cocktail, or if he was just the first to publish it.

Either way, here’s the original formula, from Craddock’s Savoy Cocktail Book:

Blood and Sand Cocktail
Savoy Cocktail Book, 1930

  • ¼ Orange Juice
  • ¼ Scotch whisky
  • ¼ Cherry Brandy
  • ¼ Italian Vermouth

Shake well and strain into cocktail glass.


It is a peculiar collection of ingredients. I probably would never have taken an interest in such a mix if it weren’t for that famous name.

Craddock, as usual, gives no guidance about what the drink should taste like. The style of Scotch or of vermouth you choose can alter the drink dramatically.

And then there’s the orange juice, a difficult ingredient at best. It’s a natural for rum drinks—I’m looking at you, Hurricane—but it can be a prickly customer with whiskies of any kind.

How to make that work?

That is exactly the question that barmen and drinkers have faced through the years as they tried to make this putative classic into something actually drinkable.

And it turns out that experimentation has provided some important insights.

The Blood and Sand as a model

If you look through your bar manuals or do a search for Blood and Sand, you’re likely to find that every ingredient has been substituted over time, proportions tinkered with, and new ingredients added, in efforts to improve the drink.

Blood and Sand Cocktail, photo © 2016 Douglas M. Ford. All rights reserved.
Blood and Sand Cocktail #2 (left) and #3

I’ve encountered two strategies that seem to work particularly well.

The first is to swap out the sweet vermouth for a decent port wine. The resulting drink is a bit less herbal, and a bit more earthy, than the original, an alteration that seems to go particularly well with the Scotch.

The second strategy is to focus on smoky spirits. The flavors seem to blend better, and the orange juice in particular becomes much more compatible with the rest of the formula.

The most successful choices are smoky mezcals and the assertive, peaty Islay Scotches like Laphroaig.

With that in mind, here are two variants that rehabilitate the original Blood and Sand, not just to drinkability, but to a desirable level of success. Rather than attempting fancy names, I’m just going to number them.

Blood and Sand #2: Both of these variants substitute port for the sweet vermouth. Blood and Sand #2 amps up the Scotch, using one of Islay’s smokiest whiskies, and cuts back the proportions of the sweet and sour elements.

Blood and Sand #2

  • 1 oz Laphroaig 10-year Scotch whisky
  • ½ oz Cherry Heering
  • ¾–1 oz port wine (Noval Black)
  • ½ oz orange juice

Shake all ingredients with ice until cold; strain into a chilled cocktail glass. No garnish.

Cherry Heering is the near-universal standard ingredient for drinks that call for cherry brandy, and is the classic choice for Blood and Sand. Blood and Sand #2 cuts back on the Heering and the orange juice, and lets Scotch and port carry the load, which they do very compatibly.

Blood and Sand Cocktail #2, photo © 2016 Douglas M. Ford. All rights reserved.
Blood and Sand Cocktail

There is just enough orange juice to add a balancing bright note for the smokiness of the whiskey. The Cherry Heering is the main offsetting sweetener here, with some help from the port.

Blood and Sand #2 has a fine, smoky nose, a solid, peaty whisky entry on the palate, a gradual sweetening, and finally a little flash of orange citrus on the swallow.

Blood and Sand #3: One of the current trends in Blood and Sand experiments is to substitute smoky mezcal for the Scotch component. Blood and Sand #3 is one expression of that concept.

Blood and Sand #3

  • 1 oz mezcal (Del Maguey Vida)
  • ½ oz Cherry Heering
  • ½ oz port wine (Noval Black)
  • 1 oz orange juice

Shake all ingredients with ice until cold. Strain the drink into the cocktail glass. No garnish.


This is a very different cocktail from the #2; it is lighter-bodied and less assertive, and more eager to absorb the orange juice. It seems summery, almost airy, compared to the heft and peatiness of the Laphroaig.

The proportions are different in this version—mezcal seems much more friendly toward orange than toward the port wine, so the amounts of those two ingredients are switched in Blood and Sand #3.

Overall, the mezcal’s light smokiness is just enough to help blend the underlying flavors. Its mild smoke and agave grassiness dominate the nose and the initial impression on the palate, then blend with the fruit flavors to make a very harmonious whole. The orange shows up in the swallow, then fades, leaving just the long, dry taste of the mezcal.

So back to the original question: what’s wrong with the Blood and Sand?

Maybe it’s a question of genetics, and I’ll just never be able to taste it right. Or maybe my palate isn’t well-enough educated to appreciate it.

Or maybe it’s just a junk cocktail.

In the end, I don’t think my palate will evolve in a way that makes the original Blood and Sand a drinkable cocktail, no matter how sophisticated I wish to be. I do know that I just don’t like that thing, and that’s the way it will be.

But I’ve come to an appreciation of the design that I have never had before: Blood and Sand as a template, or as a jumping-off point in cocktail design.

It led to some fun discoveries. I really like that heavy, Laphroaig and port Blood and Sand #2 on a wintry afternoon, and it may join my regular cold weather cocktail rotation. Perhaps the same will happen with the lighter mezcal version when summer rolls around.

I’m looking forward to finding out.